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354                             THE GAY GENIUS

northern Sung to an end. No. 92, like Nos. 88 and 89, records Su
Tungpo Js personal faults, which were no more than his carelessness
with his tongue. Chu Yu, author of No. 93, was the son of Chu Fu,
who was a friend of Su, but who later served under Sudan and Lu
Huiching.

(g) Later memoirs: On the whole, the above memoirs may be said
to have been written in the northern Sung period, which ended in
1126, twenty-five years after Su's death, though there is no reason to
draw a line between northern and southern Sung, since many of these
memoir writers lived in both dynasties. Of great interest is No. 94,
written by Tseyu's grandson, with a slight tendency to give more
credit to his grandfather than to Tungpo. No. 95, written by a
"hundred-year-old-man" around the year 1200, gives reminiscences
about the northern Sung capital. No. 96 was written in 1241, interest-
ing because the author's wife had burned his previous scripts.

\h} Memoirs by prominent scholars and collectors: Of the many
records and postscripts of scholars in the twelfth century who took
special interest in examining manuscripts by Su Tungpo, four are listed
here. No. 97 is by Lu Yu the poet (1125-1210), who also wrote No.
118. No. 98 is by the great neo-Confucianist Chu Shi (1130-1200).
Chou Pita (1126-1206), author of No. 99, was a zealous collector of
Su's manuscripts. No. 100 is by another great neo-Confucianist scholar,
Wei Liaoweng (1178-1237), who lived very near the end of the southern
Sung dynasty.

J. HISTORY (Nos. 101-106):

The basic source of material for northern Sung times is not the
official Sung History, No. 105, but No. 101, the monumental work by
Li Tao (1114-1183), in 520 volumes. Defenders of Wang Anshih,
such as Liang Chichao and Tsai Shangshiang, often use the argument
that the Sung History, which is anti-Wang and pro-Yuanyu, was a
sloppy job, compiled under a Mongol editor-in-chief, Toketok. It is
true that Sung History is both sloppy and pro-Yuanyu, but the private
work of Wang Cheng, No. 104, is pro-Yuanyu and not sloppy, and Li
Tao's work utilised all sources, erring rather on the side of compre-
hensiveness, and giving all that could be asked of any great historical
work. This work is richest for the period covered by Su Tungpo's
entire life. It gives extensive quotations from the diaries of Wang
Anshih, Szema Kuang, Lu Tafang, Lu Kungchu, Tseng Pu, Lin Shi,
etc., and the famous Court Records of Shentsung, with dialogues in the
imperial audience. It thus preserves parts of all, these works now lost
to posterity, and of other works, such as Nos 63. to 66, in an ancient